The Saudi government has released Sheikh Mohammed Hussein al-Amoudi, an Ethiopian-born billionaire who was arrested in November 2017, in an anti-corruption sweep.
Ethiopia’s Office of the Prime Minister confirmed the news.
The Reuters news agency, citing Ethiopian state television and two Saudi sources, also confirmed the release and reported that al-Amoudi was in transit to Jeddah, a Saudi city on the Red Sea.
The high-profile sweep in 2017 netted hundreds of top Saudi officials and influential business people and consolidated Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman’s power in the Kingdom, and beyond.
The Saudi government has remained tight-lipped about the charges brought against those arrested and the impact of the detentions on their vast wealth.
Months in the making
Reports of al-Amoudi’s possible release first emerged in May, when newly appointed Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed met with bin Salman in Riyadh to discuss mutual interests, including development partnerships and Ethiopian citizens detained in the Kingdom.
In March, The New York Times reported that Saudi officials had released many detainees in the months after the sweep, including al-Amoudi’s cousin, property developer Mohammed Aboud al-Amoudi.
At least one person died and more than a dozen others required medical attention during the round-up, The Times reported. Saudi officials have denied the allegations.
Al-Amoudi’s whereabouts were unknown after he was moved from The Ritz-Carlton, Riyadh, where many of the arrested officials were first detained in a round-up that drew international headlines, and false rumors of his death began to circulate.
In an email to VOA shortly after the arrest, Tim Pendry, al-Amoudi’s London-based spokesman, downplayed any impact on al-Amoudi’s business interests.
“This is an internal matter for the Kingdom,” Pendry wrote. “We have no further comment to make other than to say that the overseas businesses owned by the Sheikh remain unaffected by this development.”
Born in 1946 to an Ethiopian mother in the north-central part of the country, al-Amoudi immigrated to Saudi Arabia, his father’s country of birth, in the mid-1960s, when he began building his international business empire.
By the 1980s, he had become a billionaire, and today his interests span from Europe and the Middle East back to Ethiopia, where his mining company, Derba MIDROC, has been accused of exploiting local communities in the Oromia region, the hotbed of protests that led to former Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn’s sudden resignation in early 2018 and the ascension of Abiy.
Shortly after al-Amoudi’s arrest, Henok Gabisa, a professor of practice at Washington and Lee University School of Law in Lexington, Virginia, told VOA that most of the billionaire’s wealth came from the Lega Dembi gold mine, in the heart of the Oromia region.
In May, Ethiopian authorities suspended Derba MIDROC’s license after intense protests. Months later, in September, the government revoked MIDROC’s land lease.
As a Saudi citizen, the legality of al-Amoudi’s ownership of extractive businesses in Ethiopia is murky. Ethiopian law restricts how foreign citizens can invest in the country. But with both roots, and decades of involvement, in the country, al-Amoudi may have operated within a loophole.
Now, despite his freedom, al-Amoudi’s future is unclear. The political landscape in Ethiopia has altered significantly since his arrest, and both the charges against him — and the impact his arrest had on his wealth and businesses — remain obscure.